New York's JFK airport is to start screening to try to stem the Ebola outbreak that has killed more than 4,000 people.
Passengers from Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea – the worst-hit countries – will have their temperatures taken and have to answer a series of questions.
Checks at O'Hare in Chicago, Newark, Washington's Dulles and Atlanta's airport will begin in the coming days.
This comes after the first person died of Ebola in Texas on Wednesday.
Thomas Duncan had travelled to the US from Liberia, and was only diagnosed with the disease once he arrived in Dallas.
The latest figures released by the World Health Organization show the number of deaths attributed to the the haemorrhagic fever has risen to 4,033.
The vast majority of the fatalities – 4,024 – were in the West African nations of Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea.
In other developments:
Passengers at some British airports will be screened for Ebola:
– The Moroccan government asks for next year's Africa Cup of Nations football tournament to be postponed because of the Ebola outbreak
– Liberia's senate elections due next week have been postponed to help reduce the risk of voters spreading the virus
– The Ebola crisis has resulted in the activation for the first time of the International Charter on Space and Major Disasters. Its normal role is to provide satellite imagery to make damage hazard-assessment maps
– The UN special envoy on Ebola, Dr David Nabarro, has warned that the world might have to live with the disease forever unless almost every country is mobilised to fight it
The screening measures at JFK are starting on Saturday, with border agents checking for signs of illness such as high temperatures.
Passengers from the three African nations will also be asked about their travel details before leaving for the US and also if they have been in contact with anyone suffering from Ebola.
If they answer "Yes" to any questions or are running a fever, a representative of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will intervene and provide a public health assessment.
Factsheets will be distributed to travellers with information on symptoms of Ebola and instructions to call a doctor if they become ill within three weeks.
There are currently no scheduled direct flights from the three countries to the US, with most passengers from Africa travelling via Europe.
All passengers travelling from airports in Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia are already being screened for symptoms when they depart.
Note: figures have occasionally been revised down as suspected or probable cases are found to be unrelated to Ebola. They do not include one death in the US recorded on 8 October.
"There is no cause for alarm," New York Mayor Bill de Blasio said earlier, adding that the city was "particularly well prepared".
"Physicians, hospitals, emergency medical personnel are trained in how to identify this disease and how to quickly isolate anyone who may be afflicted."
To test the readiness of New York, people pretending to display Ebola symptoms – the so-called "simulated patients" – have been walking into hospital emergency rooms to see if there were any weaknesses in the new system.
How not to catch Ebola:
– Avoid direct contact with sick patients
– Wear goggles to protect eyes
– Clothing and clinical waste should be incinerated and any medical equipment that needs to be kept should be decontaminated
– People who recover from Ebola should abstain from sex or use condoms for three months