Stakeholders from the artisanal fishing sector in the Central Region of Ghana on Tuesday deliberated on a recent research study conducted under a three-year, EU-funded project entitled “Far Dwuma Nkɔdo”, or Securing Sustainable Fisheries.
The study carried out by project partner, Hen Mpoano, provides detailed insights into the challenges facing small-scale fishers in Ghana today.
Among the key threats identified were collisions between canoes and industrial fishing vessels and the destruction of artisanal fishing gear, in some cases within the zone reserved for artisanal fishers (Inshore Exclusion Zone or IEZ).
In 2016 alone, the study counted thousands of cases of industrial vessels destroying nets and canoes of artisanal fishermen at sea. Yet only around 5% of these cases were reported to the Fisheries Commission, and even fewer cases (around 1% of the total) resulted in compensation for the losses incurred. According to the fishers surveyed, they are often unable to bring claims in such cases due to difficulties identifying the offending vessel.
In an interview with Joy News’ Richard Kwadwo Nyarko, Daniel Ennien, a fisherman at Egyaa lamented, “I went out for an expedition last week Monday dawn with my team and after setting our net a fishing vessel passed through our zone and destroyed it. They are not just destroying our gears; they are stealing the fish that belongs to those of us with the small canoes. Now I am jobless and I don’t know how I will manage to take care of my wife and children.
“I have decided to take the vessel to the shrine and curse it to sink into the ocean because they are heartless,” an angry and frustrated Daniel added.
Today, Hen Mpoano and the Environmental Justice Foundation (EJF), who are partnering on the project, brought together around 50 Chief Fishermen from across the Central Region, as well as representatives of fisher and fishmonger associations, to deliberate the findings of the study and ensure they represent accurately the picture on the ground. The findings are expected to form a baseline against which the Far Dwuma Nkɔdo project will measure the impact of its interventions over the coming years.
The project is working to improve the lives of artisanal fisherfolk and help Ghana restore its dwindling fish stocks.
Speaking at the workshop, Mr. Antoine Rougier, who is coordinating the project on behalf of Environmental Justice Foundation (EJF), explained that a total of 44 fishing communities in the Central Region, and 15 fishing communities in the Volta river estuary in Ada, will benefit from activities under the project.
He indicated that the focus of the project’s interventions will be on vulnerable, disenfranchised fishermen and women who are considered to be most at risk of the impacts of illegal fishing and declining fish stocks.
“EJF and Hen Mpoano will support communities to document and report cases of industrial fishing vessels operating illegally in the IEZ reserved for traditional fishermen. This will include training communities in smartphone technologies to enable the gathering of visual evidence that can be shared with all stakeholders, and ensuring this is brought to the attention of the enforcement authorities”, he said.
Also speaking at the event, Mr. Balertey Gormey, Senior Program Officer at Hen Mpoano highlighted the need to reinforce traditional mechanisms for fisheries management and enforcement.
“It is promising that most communities surveyed were keen to form voluntary committees with legal backing to fight illegal fishing that is heavily impacting catches in their fishing grounds.”
“Actions at the local level must be supplemented by effective and transparent action by the Ministry to combat illegal and destructive practices of the industrial fleet and to ensure fishers are compensated for losses resulting from conflicts at sea. The Far Dwuma Nkɔdo project is ready to collaborate with the Ministry to address the challenges facing Ghana’s fishing sector,” he added.
Small-scale fisheries contribute significantly to national GDP and employ 80% of fishers in the country but are under threat from competition with industrial vessels, and vast over-capacity in the fishing sector. Populations of small pelagics have collapsed over the past 20 years, threatening the food security of the nation and the livelihoods of over 2 million people engaged, directly or indirectly, in the artisanal fishing sector.
Global losses resulting from illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing are estimated to be between 11 and 26 million tonnes each year, with an associated global value of between USD$10 billion and USD$23.5 billion annually. West Africa is particularly vulnerable to IUU fishing, with an estimated 37% of fish caught as a result of such activities. Losses to illegal fishing in West Africa are estimated at USD$1.3 billion per year.
An estimated 2.4 million Ghanaians (10% of the total population) are employed, directly or indirectly, in the fisheries sector. This includes fishers, fish processors, traders and boat builders, the majority (around 80%) in the small-scale sector.
The fisheries sector generates over USD$1 billion in revenue each year and accounts for at least 4.5% of Ghana’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Small-scale fisheries contribute an estimated 3% to national GDP. Production from Ghana’s domestic fisheries has been in decline over the past 20 years, impacting both the artisanal and industrial fishing sectors. Catches of small pelagics –key for national food security –now stand at around 10-15% of catches in the late 1990s. As a result, demand for fish in Ghana has out-stripped domestic production, with Ghana importing over 50% of her fisheries consumption.
The Environmental Justice Foundation (EJF) is a non-profit organization with its headquarters in the UK and teams in Cote d'Ivoire, Germany, Ghana, Liberia, South Korea, Spain, Taiwan and Thailand. It works internationally to protect people and planet, making the direct linkage between environmental abuses and their impact on human rights.
Hen Mpoano is a non-profit organization based in Ghana. Its vision is for inclusive and integrated management of Ghana’s coastal and marine ecosystems to generate long-term socio-economic and ecological benefits.
The Far Dwuma Nkɔdo project is supported by the European Union.
Leave a comment