Islamic scholars worldwide have introduced an Islamic perspective on environmental stewardship during the ongoing UNEA-6 conference in Nairobi, Kenya.

A significant document crafted by scholars from various regions offers a holistic Islamic perspective on ecological moral duty - calling for collective efforts to address climate change, biodiversity loss, pollution, and safeguard the planet.

Al-Mizan: A Covenant for the Earth, it serves as a poignant reminder of the inherent environmental responsibility within the Islamic faith. Drawing upon profound theological and ethical principles, the Covenant charts a course toward a sustainable future, guided by values such as compassion, justice, and interconnectedness.


The scholars emphasised that Islam has long esteemed environmental protection due to its emphasis on the inherent sacredness of creation. They pointed to the Qur'an and the teachings of Prophet Muhammad, which contain numerous verses and guidance urging humanity to act as responsible "khalifahs," or stewards, of the Earth.

According to them, Al-Mizan serves to revive and rekindle this inherent responsibility, urging both Muslims and the global community to reawaken their ecological duty and translate it into concrete actions.

The initiative is spearheaded by the Islamic Foundation for Ecology and Environmental Sciences, with support from UNEP's Faith for Earth Coalition. Collaborating partners include the Islamic World Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ICESCO), Uskudar University, Hamad University, Quranic Botanic Garden, and Anaq el-Ard. The Covenant, endorsed by the Muslim Council of Elders and reviewed by over 300 Islamic and international organizations, marks a significant milestone.

In addition to the Covenant, Al-Mizan will be reinforced by a comprehensive strategy outlining key priorities. This includes initiatives such as the Al-Mizan Academy, a decade of action, a youth council and summit, a global award of achievements, the establishment of an Al-Mizan network and trust fund, organisation of global bi-annual conferences, mobilisation of mosques and community initiatives, among others.

Director of UNEP’s Faith for Earth Coalition Iyad Abumoghli emphasised that Al-Mizan transcends being a mere document; it catalyses meaningful change and provides a framework for individuals, communities, and institutions to translate Islamic values into concrete actions.”

Leila Benali

“While grounded in Islamic principles, Al-Mizan extends its message to people of all faiths and backgrounds. It underscores the urgent need for collective action across the globe, recognising that environmental challenges transcend religious and cultural boundaries,” he said.

Founder Director of the Islamic Foundation for Ecology and Environmental Sciences (IFEES) based in the UK Fazlun Khalid described Al-Mizan as a guiding light, inspired by faith and driven by a sense of responsibility. He emphasised its role in forging a path towards a more sustainable future for present and future generations.

"Al-Mizan represents a powerful voice, reminding us that the Islamic faith calls for active environmental stewardship," said Dr Ibrahim Ozdemir, a member of the drafting team.

Lead author of Al-Mizan Othman Llewellyn articulated that the initiative is inspired by the concept of fitrah, which signifies humanity's innate connection to nature. He emphasized the pursuit of excellence (ihsan) in ecology, manifesting through the establishment of Hima conservation zones aimed at safeguarding the environment for the benefit of all future generations.

Othman Llewellyn

“Our commitment to ihsan in ecology reflects our belief that environmental stewardship is a sacred trust (Amanah), an obligation bestowed upon us by the Divine," he said.

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