The Ghana and Togo governments have come to a consensus to reaffirm their international borderlines to indicate a clear demarcation of the land borders of both countries. 

With support from the GIZ-Africa Union Border Programme (AUBP), 50 international boundary pillars would be constructed along the international boundary lines from Aflao to Akanu in Ghana and from Lome to Noepe in Togo. 

This forms the first phase of the reaffirmation exercise. 

Pillars were first erected on the international boundary lines of Ghana and Togo in the West African Subregion in 1929 and modified in 1975.

However, human and natural activities have eroded or blurred most of the pillars erected on the international boundary lines. 

In line with this, both countries saw the need to reaffirm the International boundary lines, clearly indicate the land borders, help security officials identify their limits, and prevent land encroachment.

A Joint Land Boundary Reaffirmation Technical Committee has thus been constituted, tasked to undertake the reaffirmation exercises. 

Ghana-Togo reaffirms international borderlines
Fifty international boundary pillars will be constructed from Aflao to Akanu in Ghana and from Lome to Noepe in Togo.

As part of the exercise, the Committee would undertake a sensitisation programme in Ghana and Togo, launch and supervise the construction of 50 international boundary pillars, from Aflao to Akanu in Ghana and from Lome to Noepe in Togo.

Speaking at the sensitisation programme in Aflao, The German Ambassador to Ghana, HE Daniel Krull,  detailed that the German government, through the GIZ-Africa Union Border Programme (AUBP), supported the exercise with the sole aim of preventing conflict. 

Ghana-Togo reaffirms international borderlines
Main Pillar (Pillar 1) to be erected at the Aflao/Lome Border.

He said they hoped that the historic initiative would impact residents’ livelihoods in border communities. 

The National Coordinator of the Ghana Boundary Commission, Major General Emmanuel Kotia, detailed that four kinds of international boundary pillars would be erected. 

He said the Main Pillar (Pillar 1) would be erected at the Aflao/Lome Border, which “terminates into the maritime domain.”

Ghana-Togo reaffirms international borderlines
National Coordinator of the Ghana Boundary Commission, Major General Emmanuel Kotia.

He added that there are three main boundary pillars between Aflao and Amani with intermediary pillars. 

“We have introduced another new dimension; probably this is the first time we are introducing it in Africa between Ghana and Togo.”

He said the pillars help border security officials determine the boundary pillar and crossing points, “irrespective of the intermediary boundary pillar or the main pillar”. 

The Volta Regional Minister, Dr Archibald Letsa, underscored the importance of the boundary reaffirmation exercise. 

He detailed that the international boundary lines must be reaffirmed to prevent conflicts between residents in the border communities, who share similar ethnic groups and the same cultural values and traditions. 

“The joint reaffirmation of the international boundary lines will also serve as a tool for safeguarding the peace and security of both Ghana and Togo, considering the nature of emerging security threats emanating along the West African Regain.” 

The Representative of the Togolese Local Government Minister, Bakai Baoebadi, assured of the corporation and support of the Togolese government towards the success of the exercise. 

Citizens along the boundaries were urged to report activities that may threaten the existence of the International boundary pillars. 

The Joint Land Boundary Reaffirmation Technical Committee would undertake the construction of the 50 international pillars between 12th and 28th May 2022.