The US has charged six Russian hackers over a series of global cyber attacks, including trying to undermine UK efforts to hold Moscow accountable for the Salisbury spy poisoning.

Mug shots of the men, aged between 27 and 35, were released on a poster with the words: “Wanted by the FBI”.

The charging announcement came as Britain accused Russian cyber spies of attacking the 2020 Olympics and Paralympics before they were postponed, and of posing as Chinese and North Korean hackers to target the 2018 games.

Dominic Raab, the foreign secretary, described the actions of Russia’s GRU military intelligence service as “cynical and reckless”.

The UK named the specific group it said was behind the attacks as the GRU’s Main Centre for Special Technologies, also known as Unit 74455.

This is the same group of hackers that allegedly targeted the 2016 US presidential election.

The US Justice Department said a federal grand jury in Pittsburgh returned an indictment charging six computer hackers, who are all allegedly members of Unit 74455.

It accused the hackers “and their co-conspirators” of cyber attacks, including against the UK’s defence laboratory at Porton Down and the UN’s chemical weapons watchdog in the Hague in April 2018, as both organisations investigated the poisoning of former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia in Salisbury.

The UK accused Russia of the nerve agent attack with a novichok toxin.

One of the six men; Anatoliy Sergeyevich Kovalev, 27 was specifically accused of having developed “spearphishing techniques and messages used to target… employees of the DSTL,” referring to the UK’s Defence Science and Technology Laboratory at Porton Down.

The hackers were also charged with targeting the French presidential election in 2017. Then presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron’s campaign was hit by a hack and leak attack just ahead of polling day.

In addition, on the list of charges was what is regarded as the world’s most devastating cyber attack to-date – the NotPetya attack against Ukraine in June 2017.

The attack went viral, hitting companies globally, including in the United States and the UK, and inflicting some $10 billion in damage.

Other attacks linked to the group included against Georgia and the 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Olympic Games in South Korea.