A communication expert says many of the journalists who engaged the President at a press encounter missed the mark in asking the relevant questions.
In a collaborative work with Kwaku Botchwey, Dr Godwin Etse Sikanku made this assertion after he content analysed the questions asked, scored and graded the journalists' effort.
It is the second in the series of research work in this area which aims at systematically assessing type of questions posed by journalists in Ghana during presidential press conferences.
In 2016, the researchers conducted a similar examination of questions asked during President Mahama’s press conference
The goal of this research is to contribute to media monitoring and media development in Ghana’s fledgling democracy.
Read the research below.
ANALYSIS OF JOURNALISTIC PERFORMANCE DURING PRESIDENT AKUFO-ADDO’S MAIDEN PRESS CONFERENCE: RANKING & SCORES OF JOURNALISTS
By Dr Etse Sikanku & Mr. Kwaku Botwe
This score/grading is part of the results of a TV content analysis study done on the questions journalists posed to President Akufo-Addo during his maiden encounter with the media six months into his administration.
The researchers believe that the type of questions asked by journalists is as important as, if not a trigger to, the kind of responses from the president.
The research is a collaborative work between media and political analyst Dr Etse Sikanku (Host, “World Affairs”, Class 91.3 fm) and a journalist academic Mr. Kwaku Botwe of the National Film and Television Institute. It is the second in the series of research work in this area which aims at systematically assessing type of questions posed by journalists in Ghana during presidential press conferences. In 2016, the researchers conducted a similar examination of questions asked during President Mahama’s press conference
The goal of this research is to contribute to media monitoring and media development in Ghana’s fledgling democracy. The research is guided by the mediated deliberative theory which posits that democracy is a deliberative and communicative process which includes stakeholders such as the media or journalists who sometimes exercise the function of mediation on behalf of the public.
Content analysis was the methodological approach employed in this research. This methodology is a major approach used to analyze media content by communication researchers. This research is a systematic and empirical investigation guided by the following criteria: relevance of questions, specificity of questions and the quality of questions asked.
These categories were used to construct a coding guide which was used to analyze the data. The sample included all the research questions asked in the press conference and the unit of analysis was the individual questions posed by journalists.
Abdul Haye Momeen
Multimedia (Joy fm)
EIB (Star fm)
Adel Kwesi Majdoub
Nana Aba Anamoah
EIB (Abusua FM)
Kwame Osei Bempah
Nana Akua Afriyie
Nana Kweku Aduah
Nana Esi Boateng
KENCITY (OMAN FM)
Kaba Kojo Asare Bafour Acheampong
*Stella Willson Agyepong
*Stella’s question was not answered by the president because he was not the appropriate person to answer that question. We decided to score her but not to include her in the grading.
The journalists were scored based on the following criteria – relevance of the question, specificity of question, and quality/standard of question.
Definition and score (weight) of the various criteria
National/Public Interest (2)
National Debate (3)
Single Issue (2)
Simple & Short sentences (3)
Focus of Issue (3)
Good background (2)
Backed by facts/figures (2)
Time indicators (1)
Source: Dr Etse Sikanku & Mr. Kwaku Botwe
Below are the questions asked by the journalists:
Here are the 27 questions President Akufo-Addo was asked when he met Journalists
Name of Journalist: Nana Kwaku Aduah
Media House: TV3
Question(s): Mr. President, over the past six months, you’ve been talking about galamsey. How critical is galamsey to you especially when you’ve put your political career on the line? How important is it for you to see the end of galamsey?
Name of Journalist: Naana Ntiri
Media House: Peace FM
Question(s): Recently, you were rewarded with the Gender Champion in the just ended AU summit. My question is, Mr. President, in your view, what do you think you did to win this award?
Name of Journalist: Wilberforce Asare
Media House: EIB Network
Question(s): When you took office, the Attorney General department, particularly, state attorneys were on strike. You managed to get them to call off the strike with promise that their award from the National Labour Commission will be addressed. It appears that it has still not been addressed yet. Linked to that, I think is the issue about law school students writing exams into the Ghana School of Law. It appears there has been a turf war between law students and the General Legal Council. Being a lawyer yourself, we want to find out from you, is there anything you can do to step in this matter and help law students in Ghana?
Name of Journalist: Bernard Avle
Media House: Citi FM
Question(s): Mr President, I remember during the campaign, yourself and the Vice President expressed worry about the level of debt that Ghana was incurring and among other things you said that because of the mismanagement we were having to borrow and then we have enough internal resources and therefore we should block the loopholes.
Permit me to give you some figures, in March this year we went for Ghc1billion 3-year bond. In April a $2.25billion dollar bond which translates into Ghc10.25 was announced. In the same month, we announced a $2.4million bond to clear legacy debts in the energy sector, translates that to Ghc12billion.
Last week we were told there is a Ghc17.4billion bond being sought for T3. Putting all the figures together in Ghana Cedis, that’s about Ghc40billion if all these bonds go through.
The last time I checked our GDP was about Ghc80billion. If within the first quarter of the first year we are already borrowing up to half of our GDP. Where are the internal resources, how much resources have you generated internally, why are we still borrowing this much?
Name of Journalist: Adel Kwesi Majdoub
Media House: Metro TV
Question(s): Mr. President, my first question has to do with the issue of open defecation in the country. Ghana has passed to be a major tourism hub on the continent but this issue is bedeviling the country. Several measures have been put in place and it’s still on the ascendency. Mr. President, I want to know the measures that your government will put in place to ensure that this is curbed.
In relation to that, Mr. President, there is a project which was started under the administration of President Kufour – The Accra Sewage Improvement Project. Several years down the line, this project which is ultimately aimed at ensuring that houses in the city have toilet facilities has not been realized. What are the measures you will put in place to ensure that this project is realized and its impact felt?
Finally, on the railway sector, Mr. President, issue of encroachment of lands along the railway lines. This issue if not watched, may lead to major disaster. As your government takes measures to ensure that the railway sector is revamped, Mr. President, how are you going to ensure that encroachment on railway lines is curbed in a way and manner that Ghanaians and those who will be affected will see that it is a necessity and not insensitivity on the part of your government?
Name of Journalist: Kojo Asare Bafour Acheampong (KABA)
Media House: Asempa FM
Question(s): Prior to coming to office, a lot of your critics and admirers alike construed you to be “a very wild person” and now coming to office, a very good admirer of yours and a very good supporter of the NPP sent me a message that, that wild nature known about the president, Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo seems to have fizzled out and you seem to have been tamed by the presidency. Have you been tamed, Mr. President?
Name of Journalist: Nana Esi Boateng
Media House: Oman FM
Question(s): Some Ghanaians have called for the removal of former government appointees who are still in strategic positions in your government and their reason is they could hinder the progress of your vision. My question is, would you heed to their call or stand by your principle of all-inclusive government?
Name of Journalist: Captain Smart
Media House: Adom FM
Question(s): Our emergency medical services in this country is actually collapsing. A country of 27 million people, as at 8pm yesterday, we were operating only 31 ambulances in this country. By statistics, we are losing over 3000 lives every year for the lack of ambulances with about 662 innocent pregnant women also losing their lives. Mr. President, my question is, what is your administration doing for a country like Ghana to procure more ambulances to save the ordinary Ghanaian who voted for you? And finally, when is the Woyome money coming back?
Name of Journalist: Thomas Naadi
Media House: BBC
Question(s): Are you not concerned about the size of your government considering the struggling state of the Ghanaian economy?
Name of Journalist: Charles Takyi-Boadu
Media House: Daily Guide
Question(s): Mr. President, one of the things you complained about was the fact that corruption was so endemic in the country during the previous administration. Being in government for six months, I have not seen a single person standing prosecution for some of these things. Is it the case you are waiting for the Special Prosecutor’s office to be set up or you are still gathering evidence?
Name of Journalist: Stella Wilson Agyapong
Media House: KenCity Media
Question(s): Mr. President, election after election, I witness desperate and frustrated people who want to go and exercise their votes. Indeed we have people that travel to their polling stations and their names are not in the book. I know there is the National Identification System going on. You are known to be a reformist so I believe that this is possible under your watch. Is there anything in the process that will allow people to vote from wherever they are so that they don’t have to travel to the length and breadth of our country to go and exercise their vote? Indeed, it’s a desperate situation and I think we have to look at that. Is there anything that you have in the process?
Name of Journalist: Kwesi Pratt
Media House: Insight Newspaper
Question(s): Mr. President, for some time now, Morocco has been pushing for de-recognition of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Would your government bow to the Moroccan pressure? And is your government in any way involved in the move to admit a colonial power to ECOWAS?
Name of Journalist: Abdul Ahmed Moomen
Media House: GBC
Question(s): I’m just curious that six months into your government and two months before the implementation of a major policy, which is the Free Senior High School education, even at this forum, almost nothing has been said about it. I’m curious, again, that for a government that campaigned on the back of free high school in 2008 and 2016, as we speak people, especially where I come from, rural folks are still not sure whether the standard of qualification to enter senior high school, the cutoff point is aggregate 30 I believe, and that all of a sudden, the government that promised free senior high school is giving us a new cutoff point. People are anxious, Mr. President, that are you going to deny a section of Ghanaians senior high school because you are making it free for just a section of Ghanaians?
Name of Journalist: Kwame Adinkra
Media House: Abusua FM
Question(s): All the roads in the garden city are vast deteriorating. President Kufour decided to build some interchanges to give Kumasi a face-lift. I want to find out whether there is a comprehensive policy of your government to continue these projects especially with the interchanges to complete the inner ring road of the garden city to give it a face-lift.
Name of Journalist: Ekow Moses
Media House: Bloomberg News
Question(s): In your statement, you said you were shocked by the state of affairs on assumption of office. Here you are with an IMF program that for all intends and purposes seeks to sort of limit certain aspects of your programs. This same thing seems to be suggesting that you have an extension of the program. In the scheme of things, where does this fit? How much of a blessing or otherwise has this program been all in the context of your rhetoric that you are building a Ghana without aid and not to mention that some of our agencies have been accepting certain aids from China and the rest.
Name of Journalist: Victor Kwawukume
Media House: Daily Graphic
Question(s): I want to find out, what is the state of the Vice President’s residence behind the police headquarters?
Name of Journalist: Evans Mensah
Media House: Multimedia Group
Question(s): One question on the BOST issue. The regulator, ICA established a fact that the MD sold the contaminated fuel to two unlicensed firms yet the BNI said he did no wrong, a decision that has been endorsed by the Energy Minister. Do you also endorse the BNI report? Plus, the manifesto of the 2016 was themed, ‘Change: An agenda for jobs’. How many jobs have you created in the last six months?
Name of Journalist: Nana Akua Afriyie
Media House: EIB Network
Question(s): Listening to the President, I was expecting to hear something on sports which I didn’t. I want to find out, is the NPP government yet to do something in sports? Question number two, prior to the coming of the government, the NPP wrote a letter to the Italian Prime Minister in connection with the ENI contract. I want to find out, is ENI under investigation? If yes, for what?
Name of Journalist: Kwame Osei Bempah
Media House: Kantanka TV
Question(s): Mr. President, I want to ask you about pensions. If you look at the conditions of pensioners in the country, you will know it’s nothing good to write home about. What I have observed is that because our pensions are linked to our salaries which are normally inadequate, for that matter when people go on pension, they mostly suffer. In other jurisdictions, they take resources from other sectors and put it in a fund to support pensioners. For example, in Norway, they take money from their oil and set it up in a fund purposely to support old age and pensioners. I want to find out from you what we are doing as a country in the area of pension to sustain our people who have dedicated their lives in serving the motherland for lot of years.
Name of Journalist: Nana Aba Anamoah
Media House: GhOne TV
Question(s): In the run-up to the elections, you made a number of campaign promises. Key amongst them was the ‘One district, one factory’, one you said wielded the potential to turn around the economy. There hasn’t been much elucidation on the progress made so far. I’d like to know from you what the status of that policy is.
Also, the honorable Member of Parliament for Assin North, Mr. Kennedy Agyapong has been making a number of utterances on radio. The latest was that you haven’t nominated enough people from the Central Region. How do you feel about his utterances? Do they irritate you or do they affect the thinking of your government?
Name of Journalist: Afia Pokua
Media House: Adom FM
Question(s): Your opponents have been making comments, criticisms against you in the last three months and they say that since you assumed office, your government has been characterized by anarchy, chaos and lawlessness. They cite a couple of issues; one of them is the Delta Force issue. They go beyond that and cite Major Mahama’s death as another example and also internal wrangling in your party. And one other example that they cite which a member of your own government, Hon. Amewu has confirmed to us that it’s obvious it was bugged, there is confusion about the bugging of the office. We have had calls to question whether this office we are sitting in is bugged or not and whether we are safe here or not. Mr. President, my question to you is, are we safe as a people? Are you safe in this office?