FIFA says Edmond Bowen, former president of the New Caledonia Football Association, "did not fill out the mandatory declaration of integrity truthfully."
FIFA says the three-year ban took effect Monday.
Bowen was elected to serve on the disciplinary committee on a slate of candidates presented at the 2013 FIFA Congress held in Mauritius.
FIFA did not specify details of which incidents Bowen failed to declare honestly.
Media in the Pacific Ocean islands have reported that Bowen received a one-year prison sentence in 2010 and was involved in bankruptcy proceedings.
Bowen was allowed to stand for election in 2011 to lead the football body.