A surge in cases is putting Hungary's health service under great pressure

Hungary and Portugal are introducing new coronavirus restrictions to stem the second wave of infection now affecting most of Europe.

Hungary’s partial lockdown will include starting the current night curfew earlier, so it runs from 20:00 to 05:00 local time (19:00 to 04:00 GMT).

Prime Minister Viktor Orban said the month-long curbs would include limits on public gatherings and closure of schools, restaurants and universities.

Portugal has imposed a night curfew.

Its state of emergency has started and is set to last at least two weeks. The curfew covers 70% of the population, including Lisbon and Porto. On weekdays it runs from 23:00 to 05:00 local time, but at weekends it will run from 13:00 to 05:00.

Hungary’s state of emergency is expected to get parliamentary approval on Tuesday, as Mr Orban’s supporters have a majority.

In a video message, quoted by Reuters news agency, he warned that “if coronavirus infections rise at the current pace… Hungarian hospitals will not be able to cope with the burden”.

Hungary reported 5,162 new cases and 55 new deaths on Monday. Its official total death toll in the pandemic is nearly 2,500.

Across the whole of the EU and UK, the Covid death rate per 100,000 population is highest in the Czech Republic (25), followed by Belgium (19) and Hungary (10.4), the EU’s European Centre for Disease Control (ECDC) reports. The figure for Portugal is 5.6.