The World Food Programme (WFP) has suspended distribution of food aid in two northern Ethiopian towns after gunmen looted its warehouses.
Looters from rebel Tigrayan forces held aid staff at gunpoint in the town of Kombolcha, the United Nations said.
They stole large quantities of essential food supplies – including some for malnourished children.
Northern Ethiopia is facing mass starvation amid an ongoing civil war between Tigrayan and government forces.
After more than a year of fighting, more than nine million people are in need of critical food supplies, the UN says.
A spokesman for the UN, who runs the WFP, said its staff there had faced “extreme intimidation” during days of looting.
He added: “Such harassment of humanitarian staff by armed forces is unacceptable. It undermines the ability of the United Nations and all of our humanitarian partners to deliver assistance when it is most needed.”
The spokesman also accused government troops of commandeering three WFP humanitarian trucks and using them for their own purposes.
That led to the decision to halt food distribution in Kombolcha and nearby Dessie, two strategic towns in the northern Amhara region that sit on the road to the capital Addis Ababa. The Tigrayan rebels have not commented on the allegations that their fighters stole food aid.
The Ethiopian government had recently announced that it had recaptured the towns from the Tigray rebels. But the rebels said the army had only recovered areas they had abandoned.
Fight broke out over a year ago between government troops and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), which dominated Ethiopia for decades and now controls Tigray.
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed sent troops into the Tigray region to quash the TPLF after he said it had attacked army camps.
But the rebels mounted a comeback, recapturing most of Tigray and advancing into the neighbouring regions of Amhara and Afar.
The conflict has killed thousands of people, displaced more than two million and driven hundreds of thousands into famine-like conditions, according to UN figures.
US State Department spokesman Ned Price said the humanitarian catastrophe in northern Ethiopia remains an “absolute priority” for the United States.
He called on both sides to negotiate an end to the conflict and allow aid to reach those in need.
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