The issue of data collection to monitor and evaluate the progress of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) indicators in the country can be in three main methods; surveys, census, administrative data.
Ghana Statistical Service (GSS) is the only public institution mandated to collect, compile, analyze and disseminate official statistics in the country. The GSS serves as the repository of data, whilst other Government institutions across the country are also mandated to collect, compile, analyze and disseminate administrative data. Each institution normally conducts surveys and census in a specific area of interest to help them come out with data to develop a tool which will determine the policy direction of the institution in term of developing the country.
On the issue of leaving no one behind, data collection becomes necessary and it’s the responsibility of each institution, both public and private to build an effective and efficient way of collecting and compiling administrative data. So for the data to capture everybody, no matter its status and/or infirmity, there is a need to have the data in disaggregated form. In this case what is disaggregated data?
Disaggregated data refers to numerical or non-numerical information that has been (1) collected from multiple sources and/or on multiple measures, variables, or individuals; (2) compiled into aggregate data—i.e., summaries of data—typically for the purposes of public reporting or statistical analysis. It can also mean breaking down aggregated data into component parts or smaller units of data (www.dictionary.com/browse/disaggregation)
Member States have pledged to leave no one behind, where the Inter-Agency Expect Group (IAEG) of SDGs has included an overarching principle of data Disaggregate, that is:
“Sustainable Development Goal indicators should be disaggregated, where relevant, by income, sex, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability and geographic location, or other characteristics, in accordance with the Fundamental Principles of Oﬃcial Statistics (General Assembly resolution 68/261).”
The various institutions need to further discuss how to operationalize data disaggregation in the implementation of the global
indicator set such as:
- Target 2.3: by 2030 double the agricultural productivity and the incomes of small-scale food producers, particularly women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastor-alists and ﬁshers, including through secure and equal access to land, other
Productive resources and inputs, knowledge, ﬁnancial services, markets, and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment.
- Target 5.4: Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate
- Target 8.8: Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment
- Target 10.2: By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status
- Target11.2: By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons
- Target11.7: By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities
The above targets are example of how some of the indicators under each target can be disaggregated to involve all spheres of our sectors and individuals no matter their location in the country.
To achieve the entire target related to Ghana, there is a need for Sustainable Development Goal indicators to be disaggregated, where relevant, by income, sex, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability and geographic location, or other characteristics, in accordance with the Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics (General Assembly resolution 68/261). This will really show that YES, we are leaving no one behind.
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